NRCRM - National Research Center for Radiation Medicine Ukrainian_National_Embleme
04.03.2018

The round table discussion “Tobacco use in Ukraine: what has changed over the past seven years”

The round table discussion “Tobacco use in Ukraine: what has changed over the past seven years” was held on February 14, 2018, to discuss the results of the Global Adult Survey on Tobacco Smoking in 2010 and 2017, conducted by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology.
The results of the global survey will help Ukraine to fulfill its obligations under the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO) to obtain data that can be compared both within the country and between countries.
WHO has developed MPOWER, a set of measures under the Framework Convention aimed at reducing demand, which includes:

   Monitor – Monitoring tobacco consumption and preventive measures;
   Protect – Protecting people from tobacco smoke;
   Offer – Providing assistance in stopping tobacco use;
   Warn – Tobacco warning;
   Enforce – Control over compliance with legislation on the prohibition of advertising,
   sponsorship and promotion of the sale of tobacco products;
   Raise – Tax increases on tobacco products.

Within the period from 2010 to 2017 in Ukraine significantly decreased: the overall prevalence of tobacco use, the general prevalence of daily tobacco smoking, the proportion of those exposed to tobacco smoke during visits to restaurants and cafes and the proportion of adults who were exposed to tobacco smoke at home.

However, the proportion of current smokers who over the last 30 days paid attention to the health warnings placed on packets of cigarettes, as well as the proportion of those who thought about quitting smoking through such warnings as well as the percentage of adults who noticed antitumor information during the last days of the year – significantly decreased. This indicates to the need of strengthening the explanatory work.

The role of scientific institutes in the field of tobacco control needs to be strengthened, using their experience, current programs and activities, plans and prospects.

In this aspect, anti-tobacco work in National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine has been positively evaluated: concentration of attention of doctors and patients on the pathogenetic role of tobacco in realizing the remote effects of the Chornobyl disaster. Estimation of the smoking history in the common index of packs-years and the introduction it to medical cards of patients, the establishment of a cabinet of anti-nicotine propaganda and assistance to those who wish to quit smoking, contributes to the increase in the number of people who refuse tobacco consuming.

The directions of multidisciplinary studies on the health effects of tobacco use and their potential connection with the methodology and results of GATS, as well as the use of the results of the GATS study as a basis for further research, have been discussed.

Among all the directions and opportunities for cooperation of scientists and specialists in the field of tobacco control the most effective is the tax increases on tobacco products.

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